Aung San Suu Kyi Biography

Aung San Suu Kyi is a well-known world leader and the leader of the Burmese political party National League for Democracy. In 1991, she won the Nobel Peace Prize for her nonviolent resistance advocacy. In 2012, she was nominated to the Myanmar parliament’s lower chamber.

How old is Aung San Suu Kyi? – Age

Aung San Suu Kyi was born on June 19, 1945, in Rangoon, British Burma (now Yangon, Myanmar). She turned 76 years in 2021.

Where did Aung San Suu Kyi go to school? – Education

Aung San Suu Kyi attended Methodist English High School for her early education (present-day Basic Education High School No. 1 Dagon). Later, she was accepted into the Convent of Jesus and Mary School in New Delhi. She earned a bachelor’s degree in politics from Lady Shri Ram College, Delhi University, in 1964. She earned a B.A. in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics from St. Hugh’s College at Oxford in 1967 and an M.A. in Politics in 1968. Aung San Suu Kyi was a research student at SOAS, the School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of London, between 1985 to 1987, pursuing an M.Phil. degree in Burmese literature. She was made an Honorary Fellow at St. Hugh’s College, Oxford, in 1990. She was also named a Fellow at the Indian Institute of Advanced Studies in Shimla, India.  Following her graduation event, Aung San Suu Kyi moved to New York City to live with a family friend, Ma Than E, a famous Burmese pop singer.

Aung San Suu Kyi – Family

She was born to Aung San (father) Khin Kyi and Aung San (mother) Suu Kyi (mother).During World War II, her dad, Aung San, cooperated with the Japanese and established the current Burmese army. He advocated for Burma’s independence from the U.K. in 1947 and was murdered the following year by his opponents. With his mom and brothers, Aung San Lin and Aung San Oo, Aung San Suu Kyi grew up. Aung San Lin perished in an ornamental lake when he was eight years old, whereas Aung San Oo went to the United States and is now a citizen there. Her mom was named Burmese envoy to India and Nepal in 1960.

Suu Kyi husband

Dr. Michael Aris, a Tibetan Culture and Literature researcher, married Aung San Suu Kyi on 1st January 1972. Alexandar Aris (son) and Kim Aris (daughter) were born the next year.

Husband died on his 53rd birthday on March 27, 1999, after being diagnosed with prostate cancer in 1977. He has only met Aung San Suu Kyi five times since 1989, the latest time being at Christmas in 1995 whic is when she was first placed under house arrest. Suu Kyi was taken out of house arrest on November 13, 2010.

Aung San Suu Kyi Burmese political party National League for Democracy leader
Aung San Suu Kyi Burmese political party National League for Democracy leader

What is Suu Kyi Salary?

Her salary is under review.

Suu Kyi Net Worth

She receives an estimated net worth of $1.5 million.

Aung San Suu Kyi Career

For three years, Suu Kyi worked on budget issues at the United Nations (UN). She also worked for the Union of Burma’s administration. She came to Burma in 1988 to meet her dying mother and subsequently to lead the pro-democracy campaign at the request of the people when General Ne Win, the country’s leader and the head of the ruling party, stood down. Following that, there were mass demonstrations for democracy, which were violently suppressed during the 8888 Uprising (18 August 1988).

Aung San Suu Kyi spoke to a crowd of half a million people in front of the Shwedagon Pagoda on August 26, 1988, and appealed for a democratic administration. In September of that year, however, a new military junta seized power in Myanmar. Suu Kyi created the National League for Democracy (NLD) on 27th September 1988, but was imprisoned on July 20, 1989. She learned Buddhist ideas and practiced Buddhist meditation during her house detention. In the situation, Burma’s previous democratically elected Prime Minister, U Nu, proposed the formation of an interim administration and invited opposition figures to join him. His idea was turned down by Aung San Suu Kyi. General Elections were held in 1990, and the NLD gained 80% of the seats in parliament. The results, however, were thrown out, and the military refused to hand up authority, sparking an international outcry. Suu Kyi was confined under house arrest on multiple occasions since the start of her political career, for a total of 15 years over a 21-year period. She was barred from meeting her supporters and overseas visitors while under house arrest. During this time, the media was not permitted to visit her.

Permission to leave Burma: While under house imprisonment, Suu Kyi was offered permission to leave the country and never return, which she turned down. The junta-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) triumphed in elections held after a 20-year hiatus on November 12, 2010. Aung San Suu Kyi’s house imprisonment ended on November 13, 2010, when the military junta decided to sign orders permitting her release. In response to electoral fraud, Myanmar’s military detained her in a pre-dawn raid on 1 February 2021. The UN supported a conversation between the Junta and Aung San Suu Kyi following the 2003 attack. She was free to move on the 6th of May, 2002, when the discussions were completed. On 30 May 2003, however, a crowd attacked her caravan in the northern village of Depayin, killing and injuring many of her supporters in a similar scenario to the 1996 attack. Suu Kyi was put under house arrest inside her University Avenue residence and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. For her nonviolent protest for democracy and human rights, she received the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in 1990 and the Nobel Peace Prize Award in 1991 at that time frame. Her sons Alexander and Kim collected the Nobel Peace Prize on her place and donated the prize money to a Burmese health and education charity.

In a motorcade with fellow NLD officials Tin Oo and Kyi Maung, she was attacked in Yangon on November 9, 1996. The convoy was attacked by about 200 guys who swooped down from the sky. The rear window of her automobile was destroyed, whereas the rear window plus two backdoor windows of the car with Tin Oo and Kyi Maung were shattered. She fled the site with the assistance of her driver, but was apprehended and imprisoned at Rangoon’s Insein Prison when she arrived in Ye-U. UN appeal: The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Incarceration issued an Opinion stating that Suu Kyi’s detention robbed her of her liberty and was in violation of Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948, and requesting that Burmese authorities release her. The plea was turned down at the time, with the explanation that Daw Aung San Suu Kyi had been placed into protective custody for her own safety, rather than being arrested. The state-run Myanmar New Light suspected her of tax evasion on 18th January 2007, after she spent her Nobel Prize money outside the country. The UN Security Council’s resolution to censure Burma as a threat to international security was lost after this claim due to strong Chinese opposition. The junta stated on state-run television and radio in November 2007 that Suu Kyi and a government minister would be meeting with her National League for Democracy allies. The invitation to speak with her was also confirmed by NLD.

On 3rd July 2009, UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon paid a visit to Burma in the hopes of securing Aung San Suu Kyi’s release, but was disappointed when Than Shwe, the then-junta leader, declined to meet with her due to her ongoing prosecution. Despite the possibility of retaliation from the military, Buddhist monks took to the streets on August 19, 2007, to protest rising fuel prices. Suu Kyi, who was under home detention at the time, accepted the blessings of Buddhist monks marching in support of human rights on 22 September 2007, staging a short grand entrance at her residence’s gate.

On 18 August 2009, US President Obama wrote to Myanmar’s military leadership, requesting that all political prisoners, including Aung San Suu Kyi, be released. Europe, Australia, North and South America, India, as well as Japan have all shown their support for Aung San Suu Kyi. The Congressional Gold Medal was overwhelmingly awarded to her by the US House of Representatives in December 2007. President George W. Bush signed legislation granting Aung San Suu Kyi the Congressional Gold Medal on May 6, 2008, making her the only person ever to earn the award while incarcerated in the United States. The UN also encouraged Myanmar to include national reconciliation, democratic restoration, and full respect for human rights in its agenda. The United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution condemning Burma’s human rights situation and calling for her release in December 2008.

Prior to the 2010 Burmese General Elections, Aung San Suu Kyi was given permission to form her political party. She was, however, ruled ineligible to run for office. She was finally freed from home imprisonment on November 13, 2010. Aung San Suu Kyi formally registered to run for the House of Representatives seat in Kawhmu Township on January 18, 2012. She was elected to the seat on April 1, 2012, and became the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw’s Leader of the Opposition. She and fellow NLD MP-elects were sworn in and assumed office on 2nd May 2012. She made her debut appearance as a lawmaker in Parliament on 9th July 2012. Aung San Suu Kyi eventually gave her Nobel acceptance speech on 16 June 2012, at Oslo City Hall, two decades after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize. Her Congressional Gold Medal was presented to her in person in September 2012.

Forbes named her one of the world’s 61 most powerful women in 2014.

Suu Kyi announced her intention to compete for the presidency in the 2015 General Elections on the World Economic Forum’s website on 6th July 2012. However, because she is a widow and the mother of foreigners, the current Myanmar Constitution (which took effect in 2008) prohibits her from standing for president. The NLD won 255 seats in the House of Representatives and 135 seats in the House of Nationalities in those elections. Re-election to the House of Representatives was likewise a success for her. Suu Kyi was appointed to President Htin Kyaw’s cabinet on 20 March 2016, as Minister of the President’s Office, Foreign Affairs, Education, and Electric Power and Energy. She later gave up the second and third Ministries. President Htin Kyaw appointed her to the position of State Counsellor, which is similar to that of Prime Minister, which was approved by both the Houses.

(2016–2021): Foreign Minister

She contacted Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, Canadian Foreign Minister Stephane Dion, Italian Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni, as well as Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida to discuss how to improve diplomatic relations with all these countries as soon as she was appointed Foreign Minister.

She offered amnesty to students who had been arrested for resisting the National Education Bill after obtaining her position as State Counsellor. She announced the establishment of a Rakhine State Commission. The Muslim Rohingya minority in Rakhine State has been persecuted for decades. In Shan and Kachin states, however, she was unable to resolve ethnic disputes (thousand of refugees fled to China). By 2017, the government’s persecution of Rohingyas had reached a new high. In an interview, Aung San Suu Kyi disputed claims of ethnic cleansing, but she also refused to grant Rohingya citizenship and made procedures to issue citizenship to them.

Revocation of Peace Prize

Following growing violence against Rohingya Muslims and Refugees in 2017, critics demanded that her prize be rescinded, citing her inaction on the matter.

Because of her silence on the issue, George Monbiot has asked readers of The Guardian to sign a petition calling for her to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. According to the Nobel Foundation, however, there was no option for revocation of a Nobel Prize.

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