Kenya (The Republic of Kenya)is an East African country bordered on the east by the Indian Ocean and Somalia, on the north by Ethiopia and South Sudan, and on the west and south by Uganda and Tanzania.
It is estimated to be 591,971 square kilometers in size. Its capital city is Nairobi.
Jomo Kenyatta served from 1964 to 1978
Daniel Arap Moi served from 1978 to 2002
Mwai Kibaki served from 2002 to 2013
Uhuru Kenyatta from 2013 to 2022
Tourism in Kenya
Kenya’s second-largest form of foreign exchange revenue, after agriculture, is tourism. Photo safaris in the 60 national parks and game reserves are the most popular tourist attractions. Other attractions include the Masaai Mara’s wildebeest migration, which is regarded as the world’s 7th wonder; historical mosques and colonial-era forts at Mombasa, Malindi, and Lamu; renowned scenery including Mount Kenya and the Great Rift Valley; tea plantation farms at Kericho; coffee farms at Thika; a spectacular view of Mount Kilimanjaro across the border into Tanzania; and the beaches all along Swahili Coast, in Indian Ocean.
Tourists are drawn primarily to the coastline beaches and game reserves, particularly the huge East and Tsavo West National Park, which spans 20,808 square kilometers (8,034 square miles) to the southeast.
Kenya’s macroeconomic prospects has been progressively improving over the last few decades, owing primarily to infrastructure improvements in road, rail, and water transportation. Moreover, most of this growth has resulted from cash flows diverted from ordinary Kenyan pockets at the microeconomic level as a result of specific targeting monetary and fiscal measures combined with poor management, corruption, massive theft of public funds, over legislation, and an ineffective judiciary, leading to lower incomes in ordinary households and small businesses, unemployment, underemployment, and general discontent across multiple sectors.
Kenya is ranked 25th out of 178 countries on the Fragile States Index in 2019 and is placed in the ALERT category. The country’s macroeconomic measures were re-based in 2014, causing the GDP to rise to that of a low-middle-income country. Kenya ranks 145th out of 186 countries in the world, with a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.555 (medium). In 2005, 17.7 percent of Kenyans were living on less than $1.25 per day. Kenya ranked 92nd in the World Bank’s ease of doing business index in 2017, up from 113th in 2016. (of 190 countries). The vital agricultural sector is one of the least developed and most inefficient, employing 75% of the workforce compared to less than 3% in food-secure developed countries. Kenya is typically classified as a frontier market or, on rare occasions, an emerging market, but it is not one of the least developed countries.
Under AGOA, Kenya also exports textiles worth more than $400 million.
Privatization of state corporations, such as the now-defunct Kenya Post and Telecommunications Company, which resulted in East Africa’s most profitable company, Safaricom, has resulted in their revival due to massive private investment.
Economic prospects are positive as of May 2011, with 4–5 percent GDP growth expected, owing primarily to expansions in tourism, telecommunications, transportation, construction, and agricultural recovery. The World Bank predicted 4.3 percent growth in 2012.
Kenya’s financial services sector is more developed than that of its neighbors. In terms of market capitalisation, the Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE) is ranked fourth in Africa. The Central Bank of Kenya oversees the Kenyan banking system (CBK). The system had 43 commercial banks (down from 48 in 2001) and several non-bank financial institutions, which include mortgage companies, four savings and loan associations, and many core foreign-exchange bureaus as of late July 2004.
The country has a vast network of both paved and unpaved roads. Kenya’s railway system connects the country’s ports and major cities, as well as neighboring Uganda. There are 15 airports with paved runways.
- Mzee Jomo Kenyatta is regarded as Kenya’s first president. On December 12, 1964, when Kenya became a republic, he took over as head of state from Queen Elizabeth II, under the Kenya Africa National Union political party. As his deputy, he chose Jaramogi Oginga Odinga. Kenyatta was born in Gatundu around 1984 as Kamau Wa Muigai, the son of Muigai and Wambui. He was christened Johnstone Kamau in August 1914. He later named himself Jomo Kenyatta. Jomo is a Kikuyu word that means “burning spear,” and Kenyatta is a Maasai word that refers to the beaded belt he frequently wore. He was Kenya’s president from 1964 until his death in his sleep on August 22, 1978.
- Moi served as Kenyatta’s vice president from January 5, 1967, to August 22, 1978, when he took over as acting president after Mzee Kenyatta’s death. His ascendancy to the presidency, like his tenure in power, was spectacular, with a tumultuous relationship with Kenyans. Moi was elected president of Kenya without a run-off election on October 14, 1978. Moi was initially well-liked, supported, and admired by a large number of Kenyans. Many songs have been written in celebration of his “Nyayo,” English footprint, and leadership style. His popularity dwindled as Kenyans began to regard him as a dictator. Moi died on February 4, 2020, at the age of 95, and she was given a state funeral.
- Following Moi’s resignation, Mwai Kibaki served as Moi’s deputy president from October 14, 1978, to March 24, 1988, and was elected president of Kenya on December 30, 2002. Kibaki was President for two terms before stepping down on April 9, 2013. Post-election violence ushered in his second term, resulting in the deaths of over 1,300 individuals and the relocation of over 600,000 Kenyans. Luckily, Kibaki was able to recover, and he established a coalition government with his opponent, Raila Odinga Oginga, dubbed “nusu mkate” by Kenyans, which means “half bread.” Despite major setbacks during his second term, Kibaki remains popular in Kenya. He is the president who instituted free primary education, a constitutional referendum in 2010 that addressed Kenya’s governance and institutional challenges, infrastructure development, and a comfortable intellectual leadership style filled with witty and captivating speeches.
- Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta is Kenya’s current president and the son of the country’s first president, Mzee Jomo Kenyatta who was elected in the 2013 elections. He was put into office on April 9, 2019 by the National Alliance (TNA), which was a member of the Jubilee Alliance, along with his running mate, William Ruto’s United Republic Party (URP). He’s the Kenya’s youngest president, having been born in 1961.
Within their own communities, Kenya’s various ethnic groups typically speak their native tongues. English and Swahili, the two official languages, are used to communicate with other populations to varying degrees of fluency. In business, education, and government, English is widely spoken. Peri-urban and rural residents are less multilingual, with most of them speaking only their native language in rural areas.
In Kenya, the majority of people speak British English. Additionally, some communities and individuals in the country use a distinct local dialect, Kenyan English, which contains features unique to it that were derived from local Bantu languages including Kiswahili and Kikuyu. It has evolved since colonization and incorporates elements of American English. Sheng is a cant based on Kiswahili that is spoken in some urban areas. It is an example of linguistic code-switching because it is primarily composed of a combination of Kiswahili and English.
Kenya has a total of 69 languages spoken. The majority are members of two language families: Niger-Congo (Bantu branch) and Nilo-Saharan (Nilotic branch), which are spoken by the country’s Bantu and Nilotic populations, respectively. Cushitic and Arab ethnic minorities speak languages of the Afroasiatic family, while the Indian and European residents speak languages of the Indo-European family.
Kenya had a population of 47,564,296 people in 2019, according to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS). Kikuyu, Luhya, Kalenjin, Luo, Kamba , Somali, Kisii, Mijikenda, Meru, Maasai, and Turkana. The ethnic Somalis predominate in Kenya’s North Eastern Province, formerly known as NFD. Somalis (from Somalia), Arabs, Asians, and Europeans are among those with foreign origins.
Kenyans are overwhelmingly Christian (85.5 percent), with 53.9 percent Protestant and 20.6 percent Roman Catholic. In Kenya and neighboring countries, the Presbyterian Church of East Africa has 3 million members. The Africa Evangelical Presbyterian Church, the Independent Presbyterian Church in Kenya, and the Reformed Church of East Africa are smaller conservative Reformed churches. Orthodox Christianity has 621,200 followers. Kenya has the most Quakers of any country in the world, with approximately 146,300 members. Nairobi is home to the country’s only Jewish synagogue.
Islam is the second most popular religion, accounting for 10.9 percent of the population. Sixty percent of Kenyan Muslims live in the Coastal Region, where they make up half of the total population, while the upper part of Kenya’s Eastern Region is home to ten percent of the country’s Muslims, where they are the majority religious group.  Indigenous beliefs are practiced by 0.7 percent of the population, despite the fact that many self-identified Christians and Muslims retain some traditional beliefs and customs. Kenyans who are not religious make up 1.6 percent of the population.
In Kenya, there are Hindus. It is estimated that 60,287 people, or 0.13 percent of the population, are affected.