South Sudan History

It’s a country in North Africa with Juba as its capital city. It’s a landlocked country in east/central Africa, legally called the republic of South Sudan. Ethiopia neighbors it on the east, Sudan on the north, the Central African Republic on the west, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the southwest, Uganda on the south, and Kenya on the southeast. It has a predicted population of 11.06 million people, with 525,953 living in Juba, the country’s capital and largest city.

Tourism in South Sudan

In 2011, South Sudan, a country in northeastern Africa, declared independence. South Sudan has the world’s second-largest animal migration and is thus a suitable area for ecotourism, but the tourism business in the country has obstacles due to a lack of infrastructure and the ongoing civil war.

The contribution of travel and tourism to GDP is predicted to expand to 4.1 percent by 2024, according to a report by the World Travel and Tourism Council. Juba International Airport, South Sudan’s largest airport, has grown from having no international airlines flying there in 2005 to having 32 in 2015.

There are no five-star hotels in South Sudan. There are only two or three-star hotels in the country.

South Sudan has no UNESCO-designated World Heritage Sites. South Sudan, on the other hand, is home to 14 national parks and protected regions, as well as the world’s second-largest wildlife migration.The Times of Malta reports that “it has the world’s second-largest wildlife migration, an epic march of antelopes, but there is not a single tourist to see it.” The size of oma National Park is double that of Rwanda. Among the significant parks are Bandingilo National Park, Lantoto National Park, Nimule National Park, Shambe National Park, Southern National Park, and others.
Some of the game reserves are Ez Zeraf Game Reserve, Ashana Game Reserve, Bengangai Game Reserve, Bire Kpatuos Game Reserve, Chelkou Game Reserve, Fanikang Game Reserve, Juba Game Reserve, Kidepo Game Reserve, Mbarizunga Game Reserve, and Numatina Game Reserve.
South Sudan is also noted for its massive Sudd swamp region, which spans 320 km in width and 400 km in length. It is one of the world’s largest wetlands, with approximately 400 kinds of birds.


The map of Southern Sudan
The map of Southern Sudan


South Sudan gained independence on July 9, 2011, with Kiir as its first president.

Abier Alier (born 1933) was the country’s first head of states, serving from April 6, 1972, to February 28, 1978. The second , Joseph Lagu (born in 1931), served from February 1978 to July 12, 1979. Peter Gatkuoth (born 1938–2010), who ruled for 323 days, was the third.

From 5 October 1981 to 23 June 1982, Gismalla Abdalla Rassas (1932–2013) served as the fourth. From 23 June 1982 to 5 June 1983, he was succeeded by Joseph James Tombura (12 September 1929 – 17 September 1992), who served from 23 June 1982 to 17 September 1992 as the fifth. In 2005, autonomy was restored, and South Sudan gained independence six years later. John Garang de Mabior was born on June 23, 1945, and died on July 30, 2005. He headed the Sudan People’s Liberation Army during the Second Sudanese Civil War from 1983 to 2005, and after a peace accord, he served as Sudan’s First Vice President for three weeks before dying in a helicopter crash on July 30, 2005. Garang was a key figure in the campaign that led to the founding of the South Sudan.

Salva Kiir Mayardit, usually known as Salva Kiir, is a South Sudanese politician who has served as the country’s President since its independence in 2011. He served as President of the Government of Southern Sudan and First Vice President of Sudan from 2005 to 2011, prior to the country’s independence. Following the death of John Garang, he was named Commander-in-Chief of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA).

South Sudan Economy

South Sudan’s economy is practically non-existent. Although it has formally adopted a market economy, it now lacks infrastructure and capital to invest in… According to the most recent World Bank economic estimate for South Sudan, the economy is likely to contract in FY2020 and ’21, worsening poverty and food insecurity among households. The research proposes tackling the underlying causes of violence and promoting agriculture sector development in South Sudan to alleviate poverty and food insecurity. To mitigate the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, the research recommends enhancing service delivery mechanisms and improving budgeting and resource allocation to promote livelihoods and broad-based economic recovery.2 JULY 2021, JUBA — According to a new World Bank economic analysis for South Sudan, agricultural investments and rapid economic reforms are vital for long-term food security. Looking ahead, the research anticipates that the South Sudanese economy will revive in FY2021/22 and beyond, owing to a recovery in the oil sector, public financial management reforms, the country’s long-term peace and security, and the avoidance of climatic shocks.


  • Intensify efforts to address the root causes of conflict and restore peace and stability in order to create a solid foundation for economic recovery and long-term growth.
  • To stabilize the economy, ensure the efficient use of public funds, and build confidence with the public and development partners, maintain your commitment to economic and public finance reforms.
  • To support higher living standards and broad-based economic recovery, better budgeting and resource allocation for service delivery is needed.
  • Adopt a holistic strategy to food insecurity that understands that stabilizing smallholder agriculture will necessitate public safety in order to allow IDPs and refugees to return voluntarily.


With almost 60 ethnic groupings, South Sudan is a remarkably diversified country. The peoples and tribes of South Sudan have traditionally been divided into six groups by anthropologists. The majority of South Sudanese people are Nilotic, which means they are descended from tribes that originated along the White Nile.

Southern Sudan population

The “Fifth Population and Housing Census of Sudan” was conducted in April 2008 across the entire country. According to the census, the population of Southern Sudan was predicted to be 8.26 million people. According to Southern Sudanese officials, the census results were challenged because “the central bureau of statistics in Khartoum refused to release the national Sudan raw census data with the Southern Sudan centre for census, statistics, and evaluation.”

President Kiir also “suspected figures were being deflated in some regions and inflated in others,” leading to a “unacceptable” final count.

Southern Sudan Education

Unlike the previous learning system of the regional Southern Sudan, which was modeled after the system used across the Republic of Sudan since 1990, the Republic of South Sudan’s current educational system is based on the 8 + 4 + 4 system (similar to Kenya). Eight years of primary school are followed by four years of secondary education, and finally four years of university study.

In contrast to the Republic of Sudan, where the language of teaching is Arabic, English is the primary language at all levels. South Sudan declared English to be the national language of communication in 2007.

In the scientific and technical disciplines, there is a serious scarcity of English teachers and English-speakers.

The Juba Public Peace Library in Gudele 2 was opened on October 1, 2019 by the South Sudan Library Foundation, making it the country’s first public library. The library now employs over 40 volunteers and has over 13,000 books in its collection. [160] Yawusa Kintha and Kevin Lenahan started the South Sudan Library Foundation together.

Southern Sudan Languages

English is the official language of South Sudan. This is a very common misinterpretation.

There are around 60 indigenous languages, the majority of which are categorized as Nilo-Saharan languages; they collectively form two of the Nile Sudanic and Central Sudanic first-order divisions.


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